Sumatra Mandheling is grown on the slopes of Mount Leuser, a volcano near the port of Padang, in the Batak area of Aceh. The Leuser Range is said to be home to one of the most ancient and bio-rich ecosystems on the planet.

Mandheling coffees are named in honor of the Mandailing people, an ethnic group in the Batak area who go by this second spelling.